Friday, July 12, 2013

1307.3221 (Hiroshi Nakajima et al.)

Single event effect characterization of the mixed-signal ASIC developed for CCD camera in space use    [PDF]

Hiroshi Nakajima, Mari Fujikawa, Hideki Mori, Hiroaki Kan, Shutaro Ueda, Hiroko Kosugi, Naohisa Anabuki, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Hiroshi Tsunemi, John P. Doty, Hirokazu Ikeda, Hisashi Kitamura, Yukio Uchihori
We present the single event effect (SEE) tolerance of a mixed-signal application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) developed for a charge-coupled device camera onboard a future X-ray astronomical mission. We adopted proton and heavy ion beams at HIMAC/NIRS in Japan. The particles with high linear energy transfer (LET) of 57.9 MeV cm^{2}/mg is used to measure the single event latch-up (SEL) tolerance, which results in a sufficiently low cross-section of sigma_{SEL} < 4.2x10^{-11} cm^{2}/(IonxASIC). The single event upset (SEU) tolerance is estimated with various kinds of species with wide range of energy. Taking into account that a part of the protons creates recoiled heavy ions that has higher LET than that of the incident protons, we derived the probability of SEU event as a function of LET. Then the SEE event rate in a low-earth orbit is estimated considering a simulation result of LET spectrum. SEL rate is below once per 49 years, which satisfies the required latch-up tolerance. The upper limit of the SEU rate is derived to be 1.3x10^{-3}events/sec. Although the SEU events cannot be distinguished from the signals of X-ray photons from astronomical objects, the derived SEU rate is below 1.3% of expected non-X-ray background rate of the detector and hence these events should not be a major component of the instrumental background.
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