Friday, July 12, 2013

1307.3056 (Markus Gaug et al.)

Impact of E-ELT laser light on Cherenkov Telescope Array cameras    [PDF]

Markus Gaug, Michele Doro, for the CTA Consortium
As one of the options, the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) Consortium is considering the possibility to install its Southern array in Chile, in the Atacama Desert. The envisaged site is situated about 5 km from the future European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), which will operate 8 parallel DC lasers emitting at 589.2 nm, to create an artificial 6.8 magnitude star at an altitude of 90 km. The guide stars are used for the adaptive optics of the telescope. Although having the artificial stars in the field-of-view of a CTA telescope would happen rather seldom, and can be avoided by coordinated scheduling, the laser beams may cross the field-of-view of a telescope more frequently and leave spurious light tracks, hence complicating the analysis of the shower images. We derive an approximate formula to estimate the expected number of photons from molecular and aerosol scattering of the laser light beam into the field-of-view of a camera pixel. We then present several specific cases of laser influence on the CTA camera pixels, based on the selected direction of the laser beam, using the expected quantum efficiency of the camera photomultipliers at the given wavelength.
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