Friday, July 26, 2013

1307.6758 (K. Jourde et al.)

Effects of upward-going cosmic muons on density radiography of volcanoes    [PDF]

K. Jourde, D. Gibert, J. Marteau, J. De Bremond D'ars, S. Gardien, C. Girerd, J. -C. Ianigro, D. Carbone
Muon tomography aims at deriving the density structure of geological bodies from their screening attenuation produced on the natural cosmic muons flux. Because of their open-sky exposure, muons telescopes are subject to noise fluxes with large intensities relative to the tiny flux of interest. A recognized source of noise flux comes from fake tracks caused by particles that fortuitously trigger the telescope detectors at the same time. Such a flux may be reduced by using multiple-detector telescopes so that fortuitous events become very unlikely. In the present study, we report on a different type of noise flux caused by upward-going muons crossing the detectors from the rear side. We describe field experiments on La Soufri\'ere of Guadeloupe and Mount Etna, and give details on the high-resolution clocking system and the statistical procedure necessary to detect upward-going muons. We analyse several data sets acquired either in calibration or in volcano tomography situation. All data sets are shown clearly biased by upward-going noise flux whose intensity may amount to 50% of the measured total flux in given directions. Biases produced on density radiographies by this kind of flux are quantified and correction procedures are detailed. Examples for La Soufri\'ere and Mount Etna are given.
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