Thursday, July 25, 2013

1307.6461 (F. Krayzel et al.)

Improved sensitivity of H.E.S.S.-II through the fifth telescope focus system    [PDF]

F. Krayzel, G. Maurin, L. Brunetti, J. -M. Dubois, A. Fiasson, L. Journet, G. Lamanna, T. Leflour, B. Lieunard, I. Monteiro, S. Rosier-Lees, for the H. E. S. S. Collaboration
The Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope (IACT) works by imaging the very short flash of Cherenkov radiation generated by the cascade of relativistic charged particles produced when a TeV gamma ray strikes the atmosphere. This energetic air shower is initiated at an altitude of 10-30 km depending on the energy and the arrival direction of the primary gamma ray. Whether the best image of the shower is obtained by focusing the telescope at infinity and measuring the Cherenkov photon angles or focusing on the central region of the shower is a not obvious question. This is particularly true for large size IACT for which the depth of the field is much smaller. We address this issue in particular with the fifth telescope (CT5) of the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.); a 28 m dish large size telescope recently entered in operation and sensitive to an energy threshold of tens of GeVs. CT5 is equipped with a focus system, its working principle and the expected effect of focusing depth on the telescope sensitivity at low energies (50-200 GeV) is discussed.
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