Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5463 (Takeshi Toyama et al.)

Novel Photo Multiplier Tubes for the Cherenkov Telescope Array Project    [PDF]

Takeshi Toyama, Razmik Mirzoyan, Hugh Dickinson, Christian Fruck, Jürgen Hose, Hanna Kellermann, Max Knötig, Eckart Lorenz, Uta Menzel, Daisuke Nakajima, Reiko Orito, David Paneque, Thomas Schweizer, Masahiro Teshima, Tokonatsu Yamamoto, for the CTA Consortium
Currently the standard light sensors for imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes are the classical photo multiplier tubes that are using bialkali photo cathodes. About eight years ago we initiated an improvement program with the Photo Multiplier Tube (PMT) manufacturers Hamamatsu (Japan), Electron Tubes Enterprises (England) and Photonis (France) for the needs of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. As a result, after about 40 years of stagnation of the peak Quantum Efficiency (QE) on the level of 25-27%, new PMTs appeared with a peak QE of 35%. These have got the name super-bialkali. The second significant upgrade has happened very recently, as a result of a dedicated improvement program for the candidate PMT for Cherenkov Telescope Array. The latter is going to be the next generation major instrument in the field of very high energy gamma astrophysics and will consist of over 100 telescopes of three different sizes of 23m, 12m and 4-7m, located both in southern and northern hemispheres. Now PMTs with average peak QE of approximately 40% became available. Also, the photo electron collection efficiency of the previous generation PMTs of 80- 90% has been enhanced towards 95-98% for the new ones. The after-pulsing of novel PMTs has been reduced towards the level of 0.02% for the set threshold of 4 photo electrons. We will report on the PMT development work by the companies Electron Tubes Enterprises and Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. show the achieved results and the current status.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5463

No comments:

Post a Comment