Thursday, July 11, 2013

1307.2723 (V. Boccone et al.)

The Photodetector Plane of the 4m Davies Cotton Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array    [PDF]

V. Boccone, J. A. Aguilar, A. Basili, A. Christov, M. della Volpe, T. Montaruli, M. Rameez for the CTA Consortium
Photomultipliers (PMTs) are currently adopted for the photodetector plane of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs). Even though PMT quantum efficiency has improved impressively in the recent years, one of the main limitation for their application in the gamma-astronomy field - the impossibility to operate with moon light - still remains. As a matter of fact, the light excess would lead to significant and faster camera ageing. Solid state detectors, in particular Geiger-mode avalanche photo-diodes (G-APDs) represent a valuable alternative solution to overcome this limitation as demonstrated in the field by the FACT experiment (The First G- APD Cherenkov Telescope). They can be regarded as a more promising long term approach, which can be easily adopted for the new generation of cameras and for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). We describe here the Photo-Detector Plane (PDP) of the camera for the 4 m Davies Cotton CTA Small Size Telescopes, for which large area G-APD coupled to non-imaging light concentrators are planned. The PDP includes 1296 photosensors, the biasing and pre-amplification stages, the control electronics as well as the mechanical support and the water- tight enclosure. We developed with Hamamatsu a new large area hexagonal shaped G-APD with an area of 93.6 mm^2. This G-APD is divided into 4 channels which will be summed after the pre-amplification stage to maintain an acceptable time characteristic of the signal. The characterization of this device for 50 um and 100 um micro-cell sizes will be discussed and compared to other non-custom photodetectors.
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