Wednesday, March 20, 2013

1303.4650 (Prina Patel et al.)

Weak Lensing Measurements in Simulations of Radio Images    [PDF]

Prina Patel, Filipe B. Abdalla, David J. Bacon, Barnaby Rowe, Oleg Smirnov, Rob J. Beswick
We present a study of weak lensing shear measurements for simulated galaxy images at radio wavelengths. We construct a simulation pipeline into which we can input galaxy images of known ellipticity, and with which we then simulate observations with eMERLIN and the international LOFAR array. The simulations include the effects of the CLEAN algorithm, uv sampling, observing angle, and visibility noise, and produce realistic restored images of the galaxies. We apply a shapelet-based shear measurement method to these images and test our ability to recover the true source ellipticities. We model and deconvolve the effective PSF, and find suitable parameters for CLEAN and shapelet decomposition of galaxies. We demonstrate that ellipticities can be measured faithfully in these radio simulations, with no evidence of an additive bias and a modest (10%) multiplicative bias on the ellipticity measurements. Our simulation pipeline can be used to test shear measurement procedures and systematics for the next generation of radio telescopes.
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